ʻO ke alakaʻi holoʻokoʻa i ka helu IP pale wai - IP44, IP54, IP55, IP65, IP66, IPX4, IPX5, IPX7

ʻO ke alakaʻi holoʻokoʻa i ka helu IP pale wai - IP44, IP54, IP55, IP65, IP66, IPX4, IPX5, IPX7

Ua ʻike paha ʻoe i nā huahana me kahi hōʻailona ma luna o lākou a i ʻole ko lākou ʻeke, e like me IP44, IP54, IP55 a i ʻole nā ​​mea like ʻole.Akā, maopopo iā ʻoe ke ʻano o kēia mau mea?ʻAe, he code honua kēia e hōʻike ana i ka pae palekana o ka huahana mai ka hoʻokomo ʻana o nā mea paʻa a me nā wai.Ma kēia ʻatikala e wehewehe mākou i ke ʻano o ka IP, pehea e heluhelu ai i kēlā code a wehewehe pū i nā kikoʻī i nā pae palekana like ʻole.

Mea nānā helu IP Makemake ʻoe e ʻike i ke ʻano o ka helu IP ma kāu huahana?E hoʻohana i kēia mea nānā a hōʻike ia i ke kiʻekiʻe o ka pale.

IP

ʻAʻole pale ʻia kahi huahana me ka helu IP00 mai nā mea paʻa a ʻaʻole pale ʻia i ka wai.

He aha ka manaʻo o ka helu IP? ʻO ka helu IP ʻo ia ka Ingress Protection Rating (ʻike pū ʻia ʻo International Protection Marking) e hōʻike ana i kahi code i manaʻo ʻia e ka mea hana e kuhikuhi i mea e ʻike ai ka mea kūʻai inā pale ʻia ka huahana mai ka hoʻokomo ʻana o nā ʻāpana paʻa a i ʻole nā ​​​​mea wai.ʻO ka helu helu helu e kōkua i ka poʻe e mālama pono i nā huahana a lākou e kūʻai ai a e ʻike pehea e mālama ai iā lākou i nā kūlana kūpono.ʻO ka hapa nui o nā mea hana uila e kuhikuhi i nā kikoʻī paʻakikī e pili ana i kā lākou huahana, akā ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ka IP Rating ke hoʻomaopopo inā ʻike ʻia nā kānaka e pili ana.ʻO ka IP code he mea hana akaka e hiki ke kōkua i kekahi e kūʻai i nā huahana ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi, me ka hoʻopunipuni ʻole ʻia e ka jargon a me nā kikoʻī maopopo ʻole. ʻO Ingress Protection kahi helu maʻamau i ʻike ʻia ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa e hiki ai i kekahi ke hoʻohana, me ka nānā ʻole i ko lākou wahi.Hana ʻia kēia mau ʻenehana electrotechnology i mea e ʻike ai ka poʻe i nā mea hiki ke loaʻa i ka pahu o ka huahana, mai ka wai a i ka pale mea paʻa.Penei ke ano o ke code: ka hua pokole o Ingress Protection, oia ka IP, ukaliia e na huahelu elua a i ole ka huapalapala X. O ka huahelu mua e hoike ana i ke ku e ana o ka mea i na mea paa, a o ka lua e hoike ana i ka pale i haawiia mai ka wai.ʻO ka leka X e hōʻike ana ʻaʻole i hoʻāʻo ʻia ka huahana no kēlā me kēia ʻāpana (nā paʻa a i ʻole nā ​​wai). Palekana Mea Paʻa ʻO ka pale ʻana o kahi huahana uila i nā mea paʻa paʻa e pili ana i ke komo ʻana i nā ʻāpana pōʻino i loko o ka huahana.Mai ka 0 a hiki i ka 6, ʻo 0 ke ʻano ʻaʻohe pale.Inā loaʻa i ka huahana kahi pale mea paʻa o 1 a 4, pale ʻia ia mai nā mea i ʻoi aku ma mua o 1mm, mai nā lima a me nā manamana lima i nā mea hana liʻiliʻi a i ʻole nā ​​uea.ʻO ka pale haʻahaʻa i ʻōlelo ʻia he maʻamau IP3X.No ka pale ʻana i nā ʻāpana lepo, pono ka huahana e hōʻike i kahi maʻamau IP5X.ʻO ka komo ʻana o ka lepo kahi kumu nui o ka pōʻino ma ke ʻano o ka uila, no laila inā e hoʻohana ʻia ka huahana i nā wahi lepo lepo, kahi IP6X, ka palekana kiʻekiʻe i hōʻoia ʻia, pono e hoʻohui. Kapa ʻia hoʻi kēia i ka palekana intrusion.He mea koʻikoʻi ke koho ʻana i ka helu IP kūpono loa no kahi huahana uila, no ka mea, pili kēia i ke kūʻē ʻana o ka huahana i ka hoʻopili uila i hoʻopaʻa ʻia, hiki ke alakaʻi i ka pōʻino huahana i ka manawa.ʻO nā ʻāpana uila i uhi ʻia i nā kiʻiʻoniʻoni polymeric lahilahi e kūʻē i nā kūlana o ka lepo lepo.

  • 0- ʻAʻohe palekana i hōʻoia ʻia
  • 1- Mālama ʻia ka palekana i nā mea paʻa i ʻoi aku ma mua o 50mm (e laʻa me nā lima).
  • 2- Mālama ʻia ka palekana i nā mea paʻa i ʻoi aku ma mua o 12.5mm (e laʻa me nā manamana lima).
  • 3- Mālama ʻia ka pale ʻana i nā mea paʻa i ʻoi aku ma mua o 2.5mm (e laʻa i nā uea).
  • 4- Mālama ʻia ka palekana i nā mea paʻa i ʻoi aku ma mua o 1mm (e laʻa me nā mea hana a me nā uea liʻiliʻi).
  • 5- Pale ʻia mai ka nui o ka lepo i hiki ke hoʻopilikia i ka hana maʻamau o ka huahana akā ʻaʻole paʻa i ka lepo.Pale piha i nā mea paʻa.
  • 6- Paʻa ka lepo a pale piha i nā mea paʻa.

ʻO ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ka wai Pela no ka wai.ʻIke ʻia ʻo Liquids Ingress Protection ma ke ʻano he pale moisture a hiki ke loaʻa nā waiwai ma waena o 0 a me 8. Ua hoʻohui hou ʻia kahi 9K hou i ka code Protection Ingress.E like me ka hihia i ʻōlelo ʻia ma luna nei, ʻo 0 ke ʻano ʻaʻole pale ʻia ka huahana mai ke komo ʻana o nā ʻāpana wai i loko o ka hihia.ʻAʻole e kūʻē nā huahana pale wai ke waiho ʻia i lalo o ka wai no ka manawa lōʻihi.ʻO ka ʻike ʻana i ka wai liʻiliʻi ua lawa ia no ka hōʻino ʻana i kahi huahana me ka helu IP haʻahaʻa. Ua ʻike paha ʻoe i nā huahana i loaʻa nā helu e like me IPX4, IPX5 a i ʻole IPX7.E like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia ma mua, ʻo ka helu mua e hōʻike ana i ka pale mea paʻa akā ʻaʻole pinepine nā mea hana e hoʻāʻo i kā lākou huahana no ka hoʻokomo ʻana i ka lepo.ʻO ia ke kumu i hoʻololi wale ʻia ai ka huahelu mua e ka X. Akā ʻaʻole ia he manaʻo ʻaʻole pale ʻia ka huahana mai ka lepo.Inā loaʻa iā ia kahi pale maikaʻi loa i ka wai a laila e pale pū ʻia i ka lepo. ʻO ka hope, ʻo ka waiwai 9K e pili ana i nā huahana hiki ke hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka mahu a kākoʻo i nā hopena o nā mokulele wai kiʻekiʻe, me ka nānā ʻole i ke ala e hele mai ai lākou.E like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia ma mua, no kahi huahana i helu ʻia he IPXX, ʻaʻohe hoʻāʻo i hana ʻia e ʻike ai inā he wai a me ka lepo nā huahana a i ʻole.He mea nui ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana ʻaʻole ka manaʻo o ka helu XX ʻaʻole pale ʻia ka huahana.Pono ke kelepona ʻana i ka mea hana a heluhelu mau i ke alakaʻi o ka mea hoʻohana ma mua o ka hoʻokomo ʻana i ka mea uila i nā kūlana kūikawā.

  • 0- ʻAʻohe palekana i hōʻoia ʻia.
  • 1- Hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka palekana i nā kulu kū pololei o ka wai.
  • 2- Hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka pale ʻana i nā hāʻule o ka wai i ka wā e hili ʻia ai ka huahana a hiki i 15° mai kona kūlana maʻamau.
  • 3- Hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka pale ʻana i nā pulu pololei o ka wai ma kēlā me kēia kihi a hiki i 60°.
  • 4- Hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka pale ʻana i ka pipi ʻana o ka wai mai kēlā me kēia kihi.
  • 5- Hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka pale ʻana i nā jet wai i kuhi ʻia e kahi nozzle (6.3mm) mai kēlā me kēia kihi.
  • 6- Hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka pale ʻana i nā mokulele wai ikaika i kuhi ʻia e kahi nozzle (12.5mm) mai kēlā me kēia kihi.
  • 7- Hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka pale ʻana mai ka hoʻokomo ʻana i ka wai ma kahi hohonu ma waena o 15 knm a me 1 mika no ka lōʻihi o 30 mau minuke.
  • 8- Hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka palekana no ka lōʻihi o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ka wai ma kahi hohonu o 1 mika.
  • 9K- Hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka pale ʻana i nā hopena o nā pahu wai kiʻekiʻe a me ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe mahu.

ʻO ke ʻano o kekahi mau helu IP maʻamau

IP44 ——  ʻO kahi huahana i loaʻa ka helu IP44, ʻo ia ka mea e pale ʻia mai nā mea paʻa i ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o 1mm a me ka paʻi wai mai nā ʻaoʻao āpau.

IP54 ——Mālama ʻia kahi huahana me ka helu IP54 mai ka hoʻokomo ʻana o ka lepo i lawa no ka pale ʻana i ka huahana mai ka hana maʻamau akā ʻaʻole paʻa ka lepo.Hoʻomalu piha ʻia ka huahana mai nā mea paʻa a me ka pipi ʻana o ka wai mai kēlā me kēia kihi.

IP55 —— Mālama ʻia kahi huahana helu IP55 mai ka hoʻokomo ʻana o ka lepo i hiki ke pōʻino no ka hana maʻamau o ka huahana akā ʻaʻole paʻa i ka lepo.Mālama ʻia ia mai nā mea paʻa a me nā pahu wai i hoʻolālā ʻia e kahi nozzle (6.3mm) mai nā ʻaoʻao a pau.

IP65——Inā ʻike ʻoe i ka IP65 i kākau ʻia ma kahi huahana, ʻo ia ke ʻano o ka lepo paʻa a pale ʻia i nā mea paʻa.Hoʻohui ʻia, pale ʻia ia mai nā jet wai i kuhi ʻia e kahi nozzle (6.3mm) mai kēlā me kēia kihi.

IP66——ʻO ka helu o IP66, ʻo ia hoʻi, ua pale piha ʻia ka huahana mai ka lepo a me nā mea paʻa.Eia kekahi, pale ʻia ka huahana mai nā pahu wai ikaika i kuhi ʻia e kahi nozzle (12.5mm) mai nā ʻaoʻao a pau.

IPX4——Mālama ʻia kahi huahana helu IPX4 mai nā ʻili wai mai kekahi kihi.

IPX5——Mālama ʻia kahi huahana me ka helu IPX5 mai nā pahu wai i hoʻolālā ʻia e kahi nozzle (6.3mm) mai kēlā me kēia kuhikuhi.

IPX7——ʻO ka helu o IPX7 ʻo ia ka mea hiki ke hoʻokomo ʻia ka huahana i ka wai no ka lōʻihi o 30 mau minuke ma kahi hohonu ma waena o 15cm a 1m.  


Ka manawa hoʻouna: Sep-10-2020